Mumbai, as a historically important harbor and trade city, is home to two of India's major ports: the Mumbai Port in South Mumbai and the Jawaharlal Nehru Or Nava Sheva Port which is operated by the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) in Navi Mumbai.
Since more than 25 years the JNPT is successfully contributing to the international trade. Since its inauguration it build up a stable market position and broke all records simultaneously. The port handles approximately 60% of India's total container freight. Hence it is India's largest container handling port and ranks 24th among all ports worldwide.
Furthermore, the JNPT is the only port in India that received all four ISO-Certificates (ISO 9001:2008 Standards for Quality Management Systems, ISO 27001:2005 Standards for Information Security Management Systems, ISO 14001:2004 Environment Management Systems, OHSAS 18001:2007 Occupational Health and Security Management Systems).
The Jawaharlal Nehru Trust Port consists of 3 container terminals and 23 container freight stations:
The hinterland logistics are primarily conducted via highways and railways. In order to improve the connectivity from the ports some large-scale investment projects, like the highway extension worth €43.5 million and the the railway extension amounting for €7.4 million, were initiated.
In the fiscal year 2014-2015 the container handling is estimated to reach a volume of 10 million TEU.
The Mumbai Trust Port was founded in 1873 under the colonial rule of the British with the aim to turn Mumbai into a trade hub for the East India Company. For decades this port has been one of the most important ports of transshipment in India. Even though nowadays other ports handle a larger amount of containers and vessels than the Mumbai Trust Port, it still processes approximately 10% of freight handlings (volume-wise) and 19% of India's total POL.
The port is located in the historic district fort, in the center of South Mumbai. The harbor area covers more than 400qm and is gifted with a naturally deep water basin, which enables container traffic throughout the whole year (even during the summer months when the water level reduces significantly).
The Mumbai Port has two terminals - the Indira Dock and the Hughes Dry Dock:
Furthermore, this harbor has a separate terminal for marine oil and it possesses a large number of warehouses.